Visualising sustainability

Posted on March 15, 2009


New (Dec 2011): “Sustainable Lens: A visual guide” published by NewSplash available through Amazon.

How to convey the essence of sustainability in a few sketched lines?    I’m wading through the net and my bookshelves to find examples of the genre.    I’m looking for schematics of the notion of sustainability itself rather than the underlying science – greenhouse, carbon, meso climate process, ground water etc for which there are a zillion diagrams.

The list is not meant to be exhaustive, but if I’ve missed your favourite diagram, leave a link and I’ll add it to the list.   Many of these images are duplicated all over the web, I’ve tried to find original sources (try tineye, is really cool), but again, let me know if I’ve missed something.

In no particular order, here’s 100 125 137 158 179 188 218 255 of what I’ve found.

1. Strong Sustainability

“This model recognises that the economy is a subset of society (i.e. it only exists in the context of a society), and that many important aspects of society do not involve economic activity. Similarly, human society and the economic activity with it are totally constrained by the natural systems of our planet” (NZ PCE quoted by Pam Willams (PhD)


2.   OK, so there was a particular order, the strong sustainability circles had to go before the weaker (but much more common) Venn diagram, 3 circles (or triangles)

This model is very very common (google search sustainability Venn).

“There is some common ground where each of the circles converge, but the main priority in this model is the health of the economy. Economists sometimes refer to this as the weak sustainability model ….. it assumes that the degradation of one group of assets, (environmental, social or economic) can be compensated for by improvement in another and that externalities can be externalised (PRISM and Knight, 2000, cited in PCE, 2002). This weak sustainability model fails to acknowledge the ecological constraints that humans, other species, markets, policies and developments must operate within” (NZ PCE quoted by Pam Willams (PhD)

Venn diagrams coming together and showing changing dominance of sectors in a static animation.

3. Mickey Mouse (OzPolitic)


4. Venn circle with people,   The circle of people give a context (Gerber)


5. Venn circles with each circle labelled (US National Botanic Gardens)


6. Four Venn circles (Halton Hills)


7 Venn 3 with overlaps named (see also WKU)


8. Venn with examples on each sector (Verify). (see also Environmental Planning, Omaha,


9. Venn 3 with callouts Swiss Transport Research Project


10. 3 aspects  held together by shared values (Active Citizenship Toolkit)


11. 3 aspects as a stool (David Lock) “three legged stool”


12. More complex 3 legged stool (Italian Architecture)

cost_02m13. Stool with a broken leg (perhaps intentional?) from Willoughby City Council


14. Venn 3 within a context (Curtin Centre for Developmental Health)


15. 3 aspects making whole “globe” (ProLogis)


16. Four Pillar (Jon Hawkes incorporates four interlinked dimensions: environmental responsibility, economic health, social equity, and cultural vitality >>)


17. Ken Stoke’s mindmap – Cross between 3 circles and concentric circles (animated)


18. Four well beings. The different forms of well-being as interconnected. Overall well-being, which it places at the centre, is enhanced when all four areas are given equal weight, are interdependent, and are able to move efficiently around the centre (NZ Cutural Well-Being).


19.  Four factors integrated with level of engagement (Pegasus)


20. 3 circles in system (IR3S)


21. Business as a system (Interface)  Prototypical company of 21st Century (cf typical model of 20th), and the damaging links that need to be eliminated.


22. 6 factor compass (ThyssenKrupp Steel)

In this concept, effectiveness and efficiency are central to all decisions and actions. Effectiveness means offering our customers the products and services they need in the required quality and at competitive prices. To remain successful in the market long term, we must achieve this through excellent productivity with an optimal balance of expense and income. Efficiency is represented symbolically as the opening angle of the equal-sided compass. The opening angle and the length of the legs determine the area circumscribed by the compass. The larger this area, the greater the latitude for a sustainable corporate policy. The degree of efficiency and effectiveness is the dominant factor.


23. Pathway (Eatwelldogood)


24. Anderson’s (Interface) pathway:  Seven fronts of Mount Sustainability


25. Societies Diagram from Daniel Montano


26. 3 aspects with 3 dimensions and at different scales (Green Innovations)


27. Scope (from UN via open-sustainability)


27. Organisational constructions (Auckland)

There are many aspects to be considered if Auckland is to become a truly sustainable city. The Local Government Act 2002 makes reference to the ‘four well-beings’: social, economic, environmental, and cultural, but we need to break these down to a larger number of distinct themes in order to define tangible and achievable goals and targets.



28. Organisational construction (Sydney Olympic Park)


29. 7 spoke wheel (Carlson via Rosengren)


30. Sustainable Communities Wheel (Egan review, via Active Citizenship Toolkit).


31. People centred sustainability concepts: Sustainable Livelihoods framework .   (see use and explanation on Chronic Poverty and another example on Practical Action)sl-framework-460

32. Medicine wheel (this from Cardinal and Adin via Creative City Network Canada, lots of others- used by PennState Solar decathlon team)


33. Wheel from 350 “every citizen should be a sustainability steward”  (source not cited)


34. Stockport’s Sustainability Wheel

During the sustainability appraisal process each individual proposed policy will be assessed against each of the twenty sustainability objectives.  Commentaries are the most important outcome of the appraisal process. The purpose of the Sustainability Appraisal is to assist the Council in its selection of a preferred option by highlighting the sustainability implications of all development plan options


35. Building sustainability via a wheel with a pie graph  (Packard)


36. Samsung’s wheel is somehow separated inside (3 aspects) and outside (Samsung)


37. Responsibilities of different parts of a sector (Wrap – construction)  - why isn’t “decent housing” a role for the private sector?


38. Web of workstreams (Otago Polytechnic)

39. US Parks Service Guiding Principle of Sustainable Design (Leslie Starr Hart 1994)


40. Seed logo (Geometry of the SeedLogos)

seed141.  Seed logo integrated with balancing bodywork (Structural integration)  (Geometry of the SeedLogos)

seedcross42. Primary cross (Geometry of the SeedLogos)


Sky / Spiritual                   Earth / Material

Mind / Yang / Masculine           Heart / Yin / Feminine


42.  which gives… (Geometry of the SeedLogos)

iching43. Star Tetrahedron (Geometry of the SeedLogos)


44.  12 Sector Seed Logo (Lipman)


45. Integrated systems Dan Black


46. Scale – sustainability is a long term deal (Martens)

“One of the options the policy-maker has—and this is not so far from the current situation—is to go for short-term goals and simple or cheap means of achieving them. In contrast to such an approach, a more pro-active, innovative standpoint can be adopted that pursues longer-term goals, taking into account developments on different levels of scale and in different sectors. Unquestionably, sustainable development demands the latter approach.

To facilitate decision making, sustainability scientists must assist in the task of making concrete both problems and solutions on all relevant temporal and spatial scales. This means that sustainability at the systemic level must be assessed, bringing to bear the following procedural elements: analysis of deeper-lying structures of the system,projection into the future, and assessment of sustainable and unsustainable trends.Evaluation of the effects of sustainable policy and the design of possible solutions through sustainable strategies also belong here.


47. Business operations from Environ


48. Aesthetically applied to seafood (found here, by Ray Troll and Terry Pyles for NOAA Fisheries)


49. Systems and timescales (Eucognition)

“show the different time-scales that relate to the goal-oriented and autonomous agency of a system, and the life cycle of its adaptation to the environment”… “Sustainability is guaranteed by an evolutionary process that underlies the actual behaviour of natural systems, and which is analysed at a different time-scale. It is for this reason that the sustainability of human technological and social systems is not guaranteed by a close coupling with the environment. The analysis of life cycle becomes therefore an essential component to determine the adaptive value of human activity.”


50. UK government: Securing the future – five key  themes


51. Representation of issues with sustainable lens, NZ gender imbalances


52. IDEO’s lifecycle


53. Paper cycle (from Boise “culture of sustainability)


54. Product labelling (here because it represents a flow rather than checkboxes) (Nathan Shedroff)


55. Product pathway comparison (unsustainable, unsistainable with recycling, sustainable)  from Tech



56. Social-eological perspective for products, especially role of persuasion (Aaron “The value of sustainable development“)



57. UK energy flow (pdf) (many other Sankey diagrams)


58. Monash fuel cycle


59. Global Effects (Beechenhill Farm)


60. FAO fisheries kite


61. Integration of sustainability into business (Ecosteps)


62. Business opportunity (Treehugger)


63. Decision filter (Pumicestone Institute)


64. Enterprise process though sustainability lens from SustainCommWorld


65. GreenCanary’s process.


66. Government process (NZ) “walking the talk


67. Management helix  for sustainable organisation (Natural Edge)


68. Factors influencing sustainability (Hopkins)env_sus_mcd2

69. Sustainability on a “prosperity continuum” (Muskegon County)


70. City rankings (Sustainlane)


71. Sustainable design as organism Guiding Principle of Sustainable Design (Leslie Starr Hart 1994)

72. Limits to growth graphs


73. Ecological footprint


74. Footprint illustration (NZ Ministry for the Environment)


75. Integrity at core (University New Hampshire).


76. Personality enneagram within spheres (Blake)


77. Human-ecologic interchange (Washington State University)


78. Action at different levels (Ecosteps)


79. Sun (wheel really) Carillion


80. House at centre (Icology: Empowering individuals to end poverty)

This is our vision of the world: Universal access to quality, affordable and ecologically sound housing solutions.


81. Life cycle (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)


82. Simply sustainable business model (NZ Ministry for the Environment)


83. Simplified flows (from Christain Science Monitor, John Kehe)


84. Human values journey (Robinson and Goleby)


85. Balance between society and environment (Taylor after Miller)



86. Organisational consciousness (Hoolenbach, University of Western Cape).


87. Marshall and Toffel apply Maslow to human and natural environment (Goffman: Defining Sustainability, defining the future)


88. Sustainability science (Kyoto)


89. Invisible values (Horiba investor relations)


90. Integrated ecological-economic worlview

O’Connor‘s image of non-ecological economic worldview


91. O’Connors image of Daly (Beyond Growth)


92. O’Connor‘s Integral Economic worldview


93 Resource funnel (The Natural Step)


94. More complex funnel


95 Natural Step System Conditions


96. Natural Step System Conditions


97. Natural Step System Conditions (again)


98. Criteria flower (Steve Henry and Mark Jackson’s arrangement of Edwin Dzaskefki’s design criteria)


99. Capital and carrying capacity (from Colorado College, or here in Italian, neither sourced)


100. (no significance in number!)  Computing Impact (Forum for the Future’s Connected: ICT and sustainable development)


101. Country positioning (rom Colorado College, not sourced)


102. Development sprials (UNESCO)


103. Bottled water (Green Earth Beverage)


104. Sustainable infrastructure (Hokkaido University)


105. Widening engineering framework (University Cambridge Centre for Sustainable Development) (Note the cost/time/quality at the centre – “pick two you can’t have all three”)

uc_engineering1106.  Complexity of Sustainability in China

(Financial) impact flow chart, Natsuko Kikutake NoBoundaries via Zones of Emergency


107. Poverty linkages interactive from Density Design


Who are the poor? Poverty is neither a number nor an index. It cannot be reduced to a line that divides those who are above and those who are below, establishing a unique space for social exclusion. Poverty is a multidimensional and complex phenomenon.

108. Earth systems (Global Envrionmental Centre, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point )


109. Force field analysis model (Stuart Hill, after Lewin)


110. Venn Diagram as a web (Gutierrez, Sustainable Development Paradox)


111. Pattern Map (Conservation Economist)


112. 4 agendas for design (Design Issues Databank)


115. New paradigm (extension of time/cost/quality) Augenbroe and Pearce


116. Sustainable construction in a methodological framework, consisting of three main axes: System (boundary), Process (actor) and Aspect (sustainability). Augenbroe and Pearce


117. Systems approach (Bossel) (Interacting nested systems)



118. Factors affecting housing sustainability (Daniell et al ANU)


119. Anishinaabe Perception of Social-ecological Environments (Davidson-Hunt and Berkes)


121. Consequence analysis (AirQUIS)


122. Dimensions (Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency)

Evolution in environmental decision-making have defined circumstances in which more time (CIA) more space (RIA) or more systemic depth (SEA) is required. With each increase, the task (shown by the box) gets bigger and more cumbersome. Sustainable development requires ongoing, integrated and systemically complex analyses, and the task is both large and complex



123. Maori Tertiary Framework (NZ Minstry of Education)


124. Sustainability/Vulnerability (google caches to here, but traced beyond that).


125. Holistic and fragmented worldviews (from Morgan, 2004b after Roberts, 2001, src: David Rei Miller, Western and Mäori Values for Sustainable Development)


126. Mauri model (Morgan, 2004a src: David Rei Miller, Western and Mäori Values for Sustainable Development)

There is thus a need for a decision-making tool that can be used at the Western-Māori interface, which is where most local government projects are developed. The mauri model developed by Kepa Morgan of Mahi Maioro Professionals is a set of assessment criteria similar to the Hellström model. It uses terms from Western science and mātauranga Māori that may be considered analogous. Corresponding to the four aspects of sustainability (environment, culture, society and economy) are four levels or spheres: the environment, hapu, community and whānau


127. Permaculture design principles (Tippett, Holocene)


128. Permaculture design principles (widely used…here, also here)


129. Barry Law’s waka prow


130. Sustainability Practitioner (Leith Sharp – ex Harvard?  via  World is Green)


131. Deisgn process Wever and vanKuijk

Four design strategies
We provide a typology of four user-centered design strategies for inducing sustainable behavior.

  • Functionality matching: adapt a product better to the actual use by consumers and thereby try to minimize negative side effects;
  • Eco-feedback: the user is presented with specific information on the impact of his or her current behavior, and it is left to the user to relate this information to his or her own behaviour, and adapt this behaviour, or not;
  • Scripting: creating obstacles for unsustainable use, or making sustainable behaviour so easy, it is performed almost without thinking about it;
  • Forced functionality: making products adapt automatically to changing circumstances, or to design-in strong obstacles to prevent unsustainable behaviour.

The four strategies are supported with examples from packaging, automotive and consumer electronics.

User-centered Design Cycle

132.  sustainability governance and reporting from Maggie Lawton.


133. similar space from Workspace (pdf of seven key principles)


134. Sustainability on different dimensions (Ecosteps)


135. Sustainability Tree (Ecosteps)


136. Sustainability related to brand value (Oliveira and Sullivan reported on Environmental Leader)


137. Mindmap from Natarajan Ishwaran and Rob Bernard


Here’s more diagrams to explain sustainability (earlier post, 1-137).

138. 5 mindsets

  • Earthly – focusing on the interplay between environmental and developmental agendas in the short- and long-term both globally and locally;
  • Analytic – based on ‘systems thinking’ and encompassing assessment, planning and management;
  • Careful – based on respect for complexity and uncertainty;
  • Collaborative – focusing on the interplay of interests, values, cultures and capacities of various actors;
  • Action – guiding strategy formation to manage change, continuity and learning for sustainability.

5minds_0139. 3 aspects mixed with a production cycle (Huhtamaki)


140. Governance and sustainability (Aras and Crowther)


141. Education for sustainable development without the participatory element as “big brother sustainabilityWals and Jickling


142. Assessment tool for cities (Ecostep)


143. Sustainability leadership principles (Mary Ferdig, Sustainability Leadership Institute via Nebraska Sustainability Leadership Workshop)


144. Tragedy of the Commons depicted in system terms (Senge via Warwick).


145. Map of Future Forces Affecting Sustainability (Global Environmental Management Initiative)


An Imperative for Looking Long: The 21st century will test our ability to grasp the future impacts of present choices, but even as we struggle to incorporate future knowledge into our day-to-day decisions, we’re tuning up our bodies and minds and even our cultural frameworks for a much longer view.


Global sustainability related to international business


147. Sustainable farming (DEFRA)


148. City comparison (McKinsey company, in a study on the transition to sustainability for the greater London area (GLA)


149. Scenarios (Gallopin et al via Africa Outlook UNEP)


150. Backcasting (Arising) (see also TNS framework, backcasting process)


151. Pathways to sustainable industrial societies Osamu Saito , Encyclopedia of the Earth (see also principles from Morioka)


152. Pressure state response framework (OEDC via EoE).


153. Framework for environmental and economic accounting (Peter Bartelmus)


154. Resource flows across society set in the context of entropy (Everard)


155. Resource and energy flows within nature’s sustainable cycles and within a theoretical sustainable society (Everard TNS?)


156. Social-ecological system that places the built environment (an artefact) in an overlapping zone between culture and nature, with causation occurring in both directions (Fischer-Kowalski and Weisz in Moffat and Kohler )


157. Spatial scales, aggregation and specific effects (Moffat and Kohler)


158. Cultural, natural and material realms over spatial and temporal scales (Moffat and Kohler)


159. Spectrum of definitions Ken Haggart


160. Balance (Earth Illustrated) (see also Altran)


161. 5 capitals (Sigma project)


162. What, for how long? (National Academy of Sciences 1999)


163. Handprint (Action towards sustainability)


164. Increasing commitment Peter Mellalieu


165. Learning to do values framework (UNEVOC)


166. Commons river (from Barnes’ Capitalism 3.0)


167. Sustainable business value matrix (SustainAbility and UNEP 2001, used in simplified form here).


168. Ecosystem services (from Millenium Ecosystem Assessment, pdf, used in scenarios)


169. The maintenance of Ecosystem services with time, space and interventions (MEA, applied by Pereira to Sistel Portugal)


170. Invisible losses (Turner, in relation to Canadian aboriginal perspective).


171. Self-organising holarchic eco-social systems (Waltner-Toews, see also scale effects). waltner-toews_SOHO_ecosocialsystems

172. 3 Venn and Strong seen as stages along a continuum (Engineering for Sustainable Development)


173. Ecological footprint/deficit map (Pierce)


174. How many planets? (from UK Interdependence Report) See also WWF One Planet Living


175. Nested adaptive cycles (Holling)

The growth phase we’re in may seem like a natural and permanent state of affairs-and our world’s rising complexity, connectedness, efficiency, and regulation may seem relentless and unstoppable-but ultimately it isn’t sustainable…

I think rapidly rising connectivity within global systems-both economic and technological-increases the risk of deep collapse. That’s a collapse that cascades across adaptive cycles-a kind of pancaking implosion of the entire system as higher-level adaptive cycles collapse, which causes progressive collapse at lower levels.” (Holling in Worldwatch)


(applied to Western Australian agriculture by Allison and Hobbs)


176. Human ecosystem model (Machlis)

The human ecosystem is defined asa coherent system of biophysical and social factors capable of adaptation and sustainability over time. Human ecosystems rest upon a foundation of abiotic and biotic factors taken as base conditions: a solar-driven energy system obeying thermodynamic properties, biogeochemical cycles of high constancy, landforms and geological variation of great complexity, the full genetic structure of life including biophysical properties of homo sapiens. The base conditions limit, constrain, influence and occasionally direct many human ecosystem processes. Boundaries can be spatially identified through ecological transition zones, administrative and political boundaries, or more fine-scaled analysis of sharp perturbations in system flows


177. Steady state economy (in comparison with standard growth model) Herman Daly. Summary from SANZ.

The Standard (Growth) Economy diagram is equivalent to the Triple Bottom Line and Mickey Mouse models. It assumes the possibility of evergrowing cycles of production and consumption without considering the role of the supporting ecosystem, thus establishing the belief that there are no biophysical limits to growth of the economy.

By comparison, the Steady State Economy diagram represents stabilised population and consumption. Resource throughput and waste disposal remain roughly constant, the scale of economic activities fits within the capacity provided by ecosystems, there is fair distribution of wealth, and allocation of resources is efficient.


178. Integral framework (Wilber’s integral quadrats, used by Barrett Brown) applied by Winton (in Br0wn).


179. Brown’s 15 elements of Ecovillage living


180. The Barometer of Sustainability (ICUN)

The Barometer of Sustainability is the only performance scale that measures human and ecosystem wellbeing together without submerging one in the other. The Barometer’s key features are:
• Two axes, one for human wellbeing, the other for ecosystem wellbeing. This enables each set of indicators to be combined independently, keeping them separate to allow analysis of people-ecosystem interactions.
• The axis with the lower score overrides the other axis in the analysis. This prevents a high score for human wellbeing from offsetting a low score for ecosystem wellbeing, or vice versa. This approach reflects the view that people and the ecosystem are equally important and that sustainable development must improve and maintain the wellbeing of both.


181. ‘The Egg of Sustainability’ (Robert Prescott-Allen, in IUCN, 1995)


182. Red triangle/Green Circle (from SustainAbility Gearing Up).

These high friction worlds are represented by the red triangle: low levels of trust increase friction in the system, with different sectors fighting (or ‘scapegoating’) each other.


183. Mapping environmental problems by management and revsersibility (UNEP Geo4)


184. Global environmental outlook framework (UNEP Geo4)

Net gains in human well-being facilitated by the social and economic sectors have, however, been at the cost of growing environmental changes, and the exacerbation of poverty for some groups of people


185. Shrinking Earth (UNEP Geo4)


186. Sustainability Asymptogram (Onwueme and Borsari – Proquest link)


100 percent sustainability is a perfect state that is practically unattainable by anybody or any system. No matter how good a person or system is, there is always a sustainability deficit that cannot be overcome, as entropy affects living systems and their physical habitats without exceptions. This means that there is always room for improvement. Different persons or systems are located at different levels on the curve, with larger or smaller sustainability deficits, but with deficits all the same.

187. Meadows’ framework (after Daly). (Balaton Group)

I see the triangle as saying there’s no way human ends can be realized without healthy, functioning natural and economic systems


188. Ecosphere as a mail sorter (Collins)

Imagine all of Earth’s chemistry as a mail sorter’s wall of letter slots in a post office, with the network of compartments extending toward infinity (see the bottom figure, next page). Each compartment represents a separate chemistry so that, for example, thousands of compartments are associated with stratospheric chemistry or with a human cell. An environmentally mobile persistent pollutant can move from compartment to compartment, sampling a large number and finding those compartments that it can perturb. Many perturbations may be inconsequential, but others can cause unforeseen catastrophes, such as the ozone hole or some of the manifestations of endocrine disruption. Most compartments remain unidentified and even for known compartments, the interactions of the pollutant with the compartment’s contents can usually not be foreseen, giving ample reason for scientific humility when considering the safety of persistent mobile compounds.


189 “Bretherton diagram” (based on a concept of Francis Bretherton) highlighting some of the linkages between social systems, biogeochemical systems, and the physical climate system. (NCAR)


190 Priorities and issues (Gloustershire)

191 Capitalist system (IWW poster, see also)

192 Cause and effect diagram (Fishbone or Ishikawa diagram, instructions). This from Stephen Hinton.

193 Road depends on where you start (Jo Johnston)

194 Realms (Baudot via Ford)

195 Global footprint versus Human Development Index (WWF via Oildrum)

196 Sequence of world systems 1949, 2007, 2030, 2050 (Charles Hall via Oildrum)

197 Node diagram (Isaksson and Steimle, img)

198 Human life project (young child version, also young adult and adult). (Jennifer Ranville, overview)

199 Cycles in Sustainable Economy (Carana).

200 Creating sustainable value framework (Hart and Milstein via Brinq)

201 360 model (Hollingworth)

202 Zoom zoom to make the tree grow (Mazda)

Mazda is working towards a sustainable future that brings continued happiness and excitement to people in a global society, by developing vehicles that never fail to excite, visually capture the customer’s heart, and provide a fun driving experience that keeps bringing them back to Mazda.

203 Diagram of Everything Living (Gurdjieff see also Ray of Creation)

204 Four capitals (on a tree) University of Vermont Gund Institute for Ecological Economics

205 Pattern Dynamics (Tim Winton)

Through his work as a sustainability educator Tim recognised the need for a common ‘language’ in sustainability. PatternDynamics is a set of symbols representing the organizing principles of the natural world.

206 First Nations Ecology (First Nations Development Institute – can’t find original, this via)

207 Mind map (many variants, this “Intention to sustain” Touchedbyamoose, see also)

208 Four Dimensions of intelligence (TLC Solutions)

The four dimensions are based on the concept of dimensions of space and time, where the use of predominantly one dimension leads to a one-dimensional form of leadership. The more we are able to utilise additional dimensions, the greater depth we develop and implement as leaders. The fourth dimension is absolutely critical – the dimension of time. Most people can be a great leader at a single point in time, but what makes a great leader over time, sustainably, is the fourth dimension.

209 Self organising success (Mike Bell, Wisdom Meme)

All self-organising systems rely on the interconnectedness of eight design elements (or energies) for their survival and growth:

210 Child rights ecology model (ex UN Convention Rights of the Child, David Ortiz via Open University).

211 Steps to Ecology of Mind (Gregory Bateson via Poe)

212 Spaceship

Spaceship Earth was so extraordinarily well invented and designed that to our knowledge humans have been on board it for two million years not even knowing that they were on board a ship

there are no passengers on Spaceship Earth Fuller (1965 in Vallero 2005. 367)

(see also representations of cabin ecology research)

213 Permatopia (Mark Robinowitz)

214 Industrial Bubble (Geoff Brown)

215 Five Earths of the Bible (Lamb and Lion Minstries)

The first earth was the one created in the beginning (Genesis 1:1). It was perfect in every respect (Genesis 1:31). But because of Man’s sin, God placed a curse upon the earth (Genesis 3: 17-19).

The fourth earth — the millennial earth — will be very different from the present earth. The earthquakes that will produce it will be the most severe in history. Most important, the curse will be partially lifted, making it possible for Man to be reconciled to nature and for nature to be reconciled to itself. The wolf will dwell with the lamb because the wolf will no longer be carnivorous. The nursing child will play with the cobra because the cobra will no longer be poisonous (Isaiah 11:8).

But Satan’s last revolt at the end of the Millennium will leave the earth polluted and devastated (Revelation 20:7-9). Thus, at the end of the Lord’s reign, God will take the Redeemed off the earth, place them in the New Jerusalem, and then cleanse the earth with fire (2 Peter 3:10-13).

216 Change Map (Clare Graves, Beck and Cowan via eman8) See also Spiral dynamics (image)

217 Sustainability mapped as megatrend (Richard Watson). Higher res.

218 Deformation of Pentagram (Di Castri via Savchenko)

219 Ecology, Equity, and Economy Triangle by McDonough and Michael Baungart From the book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things by William McDonough and Michael Baungart

220 Alden Dow’s A way of life cycle (Alden B. Dow Midwestern Modern” by Diane Maddex)

221 Puzzle (from

222 Puzzle Slide (Henry Fiddler)

213 Social zones of sustainability (Confronting Change)

224 Mimetic feedback influence model ( Gutirrez from Girad) (imitation role as motivator)

225 Pattern of Sustainability (Joanne Tippet, dissertation)

226 River system health. Triangle has flows, processes, and is in context of larger scale. Vugteveen et al. (2006).

227 Continuum of human impacts and normative valuation of quality. For river condition Vugteveen et al. (2006).

228 Entrepreneurship (Tilley and Young)

229 Accounting cube (Forum for the Future)

230 Niche transitions (Schot and Geels)

231 Venn diagram with sustainability as integration (cf intersection) Schalange

232 “Sustainability is a relational principle” (Sandelands and Hoffman)

233 Triangle (sort of) in transition (Said, Malaysian construction firms IJOrgInnovation 2:336 ).

234 Prism (Puhakka et al, Scandinavian tourism)

235 Markets (O’Riordan after Anderson)

236 Navajo Hooghan (developed by Navajo Flexcrete, O’Neill et al.)

The Hooghan is highly symbolic of the Navajo’s spiritual understanding of the interconnectedness of all things through all time. A visitor enters the Hooghan from the East, the direction in which the door of the Hooghan always faces. East is the direction of the sunrise, which begins the day and is symbolic of the beginning of life. The visitor moves clockwise through the four quadrants. The first quadrant belongs to the Mother, who represents work and wealth, which is passed through maternal inheritance. The Father and, when he visits, the Medicine Man, occupy the south-west quadrant. The Father ties the families and clans together through marriage. The Medicine Man is a vehicle for the fundamental beliefs and values of the Diné. The north-west quadrant is for the Children, whose basic needs must be taken care of by the Father and Mother. The north-east quadrant is where the visitor ends and where Visitors gather when in the Hooghan. The Navajo consider all of life to be integrated and sacred, thus the entire structure is the ‘Spiritual’ whole. The Hooghan thus embodies all of the aspects of life.

237 Strategic life-cycle management (SLCM)—sustainability principles as system boundaries. (Principles are Natural Step, Ny et al)

238 Belief–Action–Outcome Framework (Melville after Coleman)

We introduce an additional antecedent, organizational structure, as well as an additional outcome, behavior of organization (Figure 2). In this way, we account for dual socialization (individual psychic states are shaped by social structure (link 1) and organizational structure (link 1′)) and dual outcomes (combined individual action may improve organizational (link 3′) and environmental (link 3) performance)…

239 Lifestyle balance (Matusaka and Christiansen)

240 Ethical frameworks (and surely a golden snitch). Laszlo et al.

241 Integrative triangle applied (Kleine and von Hauff)

242 Integrative triangle applied to institution (Kleine and von Hauff)

243 Integrative triangle: levels and tendencies (Kleine and von Hauff)

245 Integrative triangle as an assessment tool (Kleine and von Hauff)

246 Harmonic and conflict relationships on Integrative triangle (Kleine and von Hauff)

247 Wilbur’s holon (Kira and Eijnatten)

248 Organisation, development and human resources (Jabbour and Santos)

249 Causal loop diagram: Qualitative system dynamic (effects of changes in municipal wastewater management, Guest et al.)

250 Pocket knife (as part of quality process management, Goel)

251 Logically vivid system (Dinga)

252 Interactions between disciplines required for sustainability as gears and layers. Relationship of protectiveness of ecological health layer, requires several tiers (here shown as gears) (Using buffer lands, Burger)

253 Continuum of interest (Hemant Puthli)

254 Stock of environmental quality (tourism sites, Johnston and Tyrrell)

255 Circles stacked and in a graph of time and space (Japan for Sustainability)

256. Imperatives (Scottish Government attributes Irish EPA, but I can’t find)

257. Triangle with explicit balance (INAP)

The balance point at A, which weighs the social and economic more heavily than the environmental, is equally acceptable as the point of balance at B, which weighs the environmental more heavily. The most suitable point of equilibrium can be identified only through an integrated consultative process involving all stakeholders.

258. Aims of Environmental Education (NZ Government)

259. Future generations (Australian Government Intergenerational Report)

260. Three circles in one (espdesign)

261. Stool gives a short shrift (Storck)

262. Spring (KÖVET Association for Sustainable Economies)

263-266 Systemic mapping of strategic dilemmas (Anthony Judge for Intersectoral Dialogue in preparation for Earth Summit).

To explore and illustrate new possibilities, the focus of the exercise described here is on identifying “strategic dilemmas· underlying debates on Earth Summit issues. These are the dilemmas which reflect such seemingly irreconcilable concerns as safeguarding watercourses versus exploiting essential hydro-electric energy reserves. The assumption is that the set of these local (namely issuespecific) long-term dilemmas may offer clues to new patterns of global (namely inter-sectoral) strategies and bargains.

The intention was to obtain suggestions for inter-sectoral images which could best capture the Earth Summit insights and empower people to move forward in new ways.

There was a concern to move beyond the traditional text representation of the challenges of inter-sectoral dialogue and to endeavour to open up new possibilities by portraying sectoral and issue relationships in two and three-dimensions.

Pattern of strategic dilemmas in table form designed to code and organize strategic dilemmas of sustainable development. Sustainable development is a function of the pattern as a whole rather than of its components.

263. Table of strategic dilemmas

(A checklist of sectoral declarations) fails to respond to the need to raise the level of debate by offering a global (inter-sectoral) context for specific bargains, checks and balances. Such checklists, like Agenda 21, are effectively overwhelming. They encourage simplistic attempts to identify “the most important problem” whose solution it is hoped will magically transform all the others.

(The table) is one attempt to respond to this situation by showing how different social functions,understood as strategic opportunities, interfere with each other to engender a pattern of strategic dilemmas.

Example code groupings

264. Network of bargain areas

The traditional tabular presentation (of the table) is itself a conceptual trap. It encourages a very mechanistic approach to the pattern of dilemmas, reinforcing tendencies to much-contested forms of “linear thinking”. The linearity may be deliberately challenged by allowing the information to be encoded or projected onto a network. In this exercise the network has been deliberately chosen to facilitate comprehension of global properties of the pattern of strategic dilemma.

The 6 hierarchical structures below may be viewed as caricatures of a set of currently competing world views. In each, the dominant function (from the table) tends to distort or suppress the operations governed by the recessive functions (in much the same way as the gene for brown eyes masks the expression of the “blue eyes’ gene). The challenge of sustainable development is to interweave the functional contributions so that all are both expressed and constrained under appropriate circumstances.

265. Representation of issue arenas on icosadodecahedral net

Globally patterned network (see Figures 3A and 3B) chosen to be compatible with the set of strategic functions (in a previous table). The areas can then be used to signify issue- specific bargain arenas. The network is thus a globally organized network of local bargain arenas (where global and local are understood in a functional rather than a geographical sense).

The systemic coherence of the network pattern of Figure becomes clear when it is seen how the 2-dimensional network may be folded around the surface of a sphere in 3 dimensions. This establishes the functional globality of the pattern of bargain arenas and the associated strategic dilemmas.

Further insights into how local bargains may interlock may be obtained by considering the tensegrity structures which illustrate the principles by which spherical structures can be rendered self-sustaining in practice. Tensegrity structures are effectively patterns of sustainability.

This approach points to new policy possibilities in which the degree of global consensus required is reduced to a minimum (in a design sense) by localizing the patterns of disagreement. In this way disagreement no longer acts globally — tearing apart the global community. Rather it is locally confined and understood as a long-term strategic dilemma on which ·consensus· can only be achieved in the short-term. Sustainability thus lies at the global level not at the local level.

266. Two columns of bargaining areas

These may be understood as simpler (3-valent) and more complex (5-valent) bargaining arenas around specific concerns.

…a tentative indication of the significance of each code is given here (not all shown here) . The codes appear in two columns. The left hand column indicates a development-focused application of the strategies. The right hand column indicates an environment-sensitive application of the strategies.

267. Prism of health and sustainability (Parkes et al.)

270. Trajectory of environmentally responsible design (NZ Ministry for the Environment)

This figure illustrates that ‘Conventional practice’ and ‘Green/high performance design’ both fall beneath the bar of sustainability. This is because they are still degenerating ecosystems and human health. ‘Sustainable design’ can be thought of as neutral. This is because it neither causes ecosystem degeneration, but nor does it contribute to positive outcomes. ‘Restorative design’ and ‘regenerative design’ are regenerative systems and are above the bar of sustainability. This is because they have positive ecological and community outcomes. As design moves from conventional, to green, through sustainable and onto restorative and regenerative, less energy is needed. A conventional design can be thought of as relating to a fragmented system. Green or high performance as well sustainable design solutions tend to focus on new techniques and technologies. Restorative design takes into account the whole system, and regenerative design encompasses a full understanding of living systems (including humans).

271. Triangle showing factors, on ‘geographic space” ( Nijkamp modified by Dourojeanni)

272. Diverse hierarchical levels and limits of universal lawlessness (Gasto et al 2009)

The core problem of sustainability is given by not respecting the highest hierarchical levels, exceeding their limits of universal lawfulness. A good decision must be sound in each and all of the hierarchical levels.

273. Focus point of four hierarchical dimensions (Gasto et al 2009)

…relate the contiguous pairs of the four fundamental hierarchical dimensions with four acting axes. Between the local and the anthropocentric are the stake-holders, or civil society, directly managing the phenomenon. Territory governance arises between the anthropocentric and the global context. This scheme sets the properties and demands of the ruled system (natural and anthropogenic) and the provisions that the ruling system must have (anthropogenic) to give control to the territory (Jentoft, 2007). It also states that the general functions of the ecosystem has to be considered for such effects as the maintenance of zones destined to control greenhouse gases, the regulation and purification of waters, and the conservation of culture. The maintenance and application of global international agreements is centered on the relationship between the ecocentric axis and the globalization of human actions. Whatever the nature of the human actions, they must be conditioned by restrictions of ethical and aesthetical nature, which are located between the local and ecocentric axes. If these factors are not satisfied, system sustainability deteriorates.

In this context, human presence constitutes an integral part of all ecosystems; its actions are relevant in global impact and deterioration (McDonnell and Pickett, 1993; Vitousek et al, 1997; Lubchenco, 1998). The focal point is the center of divergence from where the position of confluence of the different hierarchical axes intervenes in the human actions and the social agent’s decision-making are established. Therefore, the natural and cultural generic restrictions are integrated into the territorial restrictions. As a result, new illicit spaces appear, because the solution can be contained in the inner legal space of one of the systems, but outside of other systems.

274. MAIN prism (Kain 2000, in Keiner) (an abstraction of World Bank’s four capitals model and CSD’s social, economic, environmental, institutional).

Mind, Artefact, Institution and Nature in order to relieve the prism from the burden of expressions as social and economic, which are judged to be more confusing than explanatory. The environmental dimension (nature) comprises all natural capital, which may be subdivided into stocks of non-renewable and stocks of renewable resources. The economic dimension (artefact) stands for all man-made material assets such as buildings and roads. The social dimension (mind) should be perceived as the awareness of the individual subject (worldview, knowledge, and experience). The institutional dimension concerns the organization of our society and the relation between people.

275. Never-ending triangle of sustainable development (Välimäki 2002, in Stanners et al. 2007).

276. Daly empty versus full world (Daly 2001, selected essays 2007).

277. Conceptual framework within which the territorial, temporal, and personal aspects of development can be openly discussed (Seghezzo 2009)

278. Roots of the modern view of sustainability (Kidd 1992, in Bell and Morse 2008)

279. Venn diagram with feedback loops (DEFRA Estuary Guide 2009)

280. Spatial systems framework (Niu et al 1993).

281. Linkages between ecological, social and cultural systems (Ingold 1980).

Not strictly sustainability, but interesting as 1980 exploration of dynamics of relationships between social and ecological systems. Used to explore different models of utlisation of reindeer (hunting, pastoralism, ranching), despite similar environment and ecology in Artic tundra.

282. Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development (World Conservation Strategy 1980)

The strategy saw conservation as a means to achieve social and economic objectives, and social and economic constraints as barriers to achieving conservation objectives (elements are on the same page, nearly integrated as what we now know as sustainability).